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Establishing a Circular Economy (to maximise the use made of resources and minimise waste generation) was and is a major policy area within the European Union and elsewhere. Explicitly seen as increasing economic competitiveness and laying a foundation for environmental employment, Circular Economy policies are designed to increase resource efficiency and decrease carbon dependency.

The many different fields of activity involved in developing a Circular Economy (e.g., re-use, recovery, recycling, design for the environment amongst others) have been shown to operate with varying degrees of effectiveness in different places and for different materials. Limited research had so far been undertaken that critically analyses these activities as interrelated social, technical, environmental and geographical phenomena.

CRESTING recruited 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) to train them in cutting edge systematic analysis of CE-related activity and initiatives in a range of geographic and economic settings. The purpose of this was to translate critical assessment to lessons for managing the transformation to a CE.  Hear more about Cresting from Dr Pauline Deutz, Cresting Project Coordinator in this short video.

The project asked the following questions:

  1. To what extent have CE-practices already occurring in public and private sector policy and practice?
  2. What are the environmental, social and economic implications of developing the CE, and how do these vary by scale (locally, nationally, and globally)?
  3. How can current CE practice be applied in different geographic/industry contexts?
  4. What methodologies of impact measurement and sustainability indicators can be developed for public and/or private sector organisations in the context of a CE?
  5. How can the CE in practice be understood beyond the policy and other aspirational definitions of the term?

For a summary of the results of the project, please download the Summary of Results.

Universidade AbertaUniversity of GrazUniversity of HullUniversità degli Studi "G. d'Annunzio" ChietiUniversidade NOVA de LisboaUtrecht University